According to the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation:
Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R), also referred to as physiatry, is a medical specialty concerned with diagnosis, evaluation, and management of persons of all ages with physical and/or cognitive impairment and disability. This specialty involves diagnosis and treatment of patients with painful or functionally limiting conditions, the management of comorbidities and co-impairments, diagnostic and therapeutic injection procedures, electrodiagnostic medicine, and emphasis on prevention of complications of disability from secondary conditions.

Some of the conditions we treat:
Motor neuron disease
Brain injuries including sports concussion
Traumatic injuries and amputation
Cancer rehabilitation
Spina bifida
Spinal cord injury
Cerebral palsy

Comorbidities, also called co-impairments, are conditions or disorders occurring at the same time and are a result of a disease, trauma, or disorder. These conditions can be physical of behavioral in nature such as:
Spasticity as a result of brain or spinal injury or disease
Severe weakness or neurological problems after transplant surgery
Neurogenic bladder resulting from injury or chronic condition

Our physiatrists provide leadership to multidisciplinary teams consisting of orthopaedic and neuro surgeons, physical, occupational and speech/language therapists, rehab nurses, orthotists/prosthetists and assistive technology experts and other rehabilitation experts and specialists.

Visit our clinical division pages for more information about the clinical services we provide to both adult and pediatric populationsacross the region.

Division of Inpatient and Outpatient Rehabilitation Care
The Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR) provides physician services at the UPMC Rehabilitation Institute, inpatient rehab units at other hospitals in the system, and numerous outpatient clinics throughout western Pennsylvania.

Division of Neuropsychology and Rehabilitation Psychology
Working side by side with the physiatrist is the neuropsychologist who is trained in the integration of brain and behavioral functioning to better understand impairments related to disabilities and injuries. They provide both inpatient and outpatient neuropsychological assessment services, and also provide rehabilitation psychology services on our inpatient units at the UPMC Rehabilitation Institute.

Division of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
Children experience trauma and disease, both acute and chronic, which require the special skills of the physicians specializing in Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. Division physiatrists specialize in a variety of medical disciplines and/or conditions including pediatric medicine, assistive technology, cerebral palsy and spina bifida.

Division of Sports and Spine Medicine
The physiatrist is a nerve, muscle, bone and brain expert who strives to decrease pain and restore function through nonsurgical means. With specialty training and certifications in pain, sports, and electrodiagnostic medicine PMR doctors design treatment regimens for conditions such as athletic injuries including sports concussion, low back pain, arthritis, and chronic pain.


The Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation is nationally recognized for Rehabilitation Excellence
Our physiatrists are consistently listed as Top Doctors in Pittsburgh Magazine.
The department is a nationally designated center of excellence in care for both TBI and SCI
We're ranked among the top five PM&R departments in funding from the NIH for rehabilitation research.